While we are normally concerned with our dogs becoming overweight, as they become older senior dogs some canines start to lose weight. Here, Our Apple Valley vets discuss weight loss in a senior dog and when you should be concerned.
An Older Dog's Weight
While it is true that a large number of dogs tend to get chunkier as they age, some dogs start to lose weight. The question you may be asking yourself is why is my dog losing weight? There are two categories that this answer can take either there is an underlying condition and it is a symptom of a larger issue or your dog’s aging process requires a different balance in their diet.
Causes of Senior Dogs Weight Loss
Eight issues are commonly the root problem in elderly dogs where weight loss is a symptom. These issues are liver/gallbladder disease, dehydration, dental issues, kidney disease, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. Each one of these issues needs to be diagnosed and addressed by your vet. Most of these root causes will present with other symptoms that accompany weight loss.
The best thing you can do for your senior dog that is losing weight is to observe them for the other symptoms so you can inform the vet so they can diagnose your dog quicker. The symptoms that can present with each condition are as follows.
- Increased thirst
- Pale or yellow gums/skin/eyes
- Dry gums
- Sunken eyes
- Loss of skin elasticity
- Less urination/dark urine
- Increased thirst
- Excessive urination (may contain blood)
- Loss of appetite
- Pale gums
- Excessive drooling
- Difficulty eating/chewing
- Bad breath
- Swollen or bleeding gums
- A chronic cough
- Tires easily
- Exercise intolerance
- Excessive panting
- Irregular heartbeat
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive urination
- Increased appetite
- Repeat urinary tract infections
- Unusual bleeding
- Lumps, bumps, or swelling
- Distended abdomen
- Limping or lameness
- Unusual urination – frequency or amount
- Scuffing the toes
What to Do if no Underlying Medical Issues Are Causing the Weight Loss
If your vet can’t find any underlying cause for the weight loss it might be time to change your dog's diet. Consult with your veterinarian about their current diet and the amount of protein, fat, and fiber they are getting.
If your senior dog is losing a significant amount of weight rapidly go to your veterinarian as soon as possible. If you are concerned about your dog's weight in general, bring it up with your veterinarian at your senior dog's bi-annual routine exam.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. Please make an appointment with your vet for an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition.